World History Chronology

China Chronology

Then Again

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Early China
  • Xia
  • Shang
  • Zhou
  • Early Imperial China

    Classical Imperial China

    Later Imperial China

    Post-Imperial China

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    China Chronology

    Classical Imperial China

    AD 25-1279

    In its early periods, China had largely been isolated from the influences of other civilizations.  This changed dramatically around the year AD 25 and the Later Han dynasty.  Trade routes between China and India brought Buddhist missionaries and established the "Silk Road" that led to contact with societies as distant as the Roman Empire.  Chinese leaders were, therefore, forced to confront not only problems of internal order and external threats from surrounding nomadic peoples, but also the influences of foreign cultures.

    Later Han dynasty: AD 25-220

      • c. 25: Buddhism is introduced to China.
      • 25-57: Kuang Wu Ti founds the Later Han Dynasty.
      • 74-94: The states of Turkestan submit to Chinese suzerainty.
      • 89: Hsiung-Nu submit to Chinese authority.
      • 105-121: Reign of Empress Teng.
      • 156: Death of Chang Ling, one of the founders of religious Taoism.
      • 166: Traders from the Roman Empire arrive in Tonkin
      • 190-220: Reign of Emperor Hsein.

    220-265: Three Kingdoms Period

    265-316: Western Qin dynasty

    Sui dynasty: 581-618

    • The Reign of Emperor Wen: 581-604
    • The Reign of Emperor Yang: 604-618

    Tang dynasty: 618-907

    • 627-649: Reign of T'ai-tsung
    • 609-705: Reign of Empress Wu
    • 713-755: Reign of Hsuan-tsung
    • 755-763: Rebellion of An Lu-shan
    • 821: Peace Between China and Tibet
    • 839: The official texts of the Confucian classics is engraved on stones.
    • 841-845: Religious Persecutions
    • 879: Looting of Canton

    Collapse of Central Government: 907-960

    Northern Song dynasty: 960-1126

    • 960-976: The Reign of Chao K'uang-yin
    • 1024: China issues the world's first paper currency.
    • 1044: Peace established between China and the Hsi-Hsia
    • 1069-1076: Wang An-shih
    • Golden Age of Chinese Landscape painting.
    • 1088: Su Song's Clock

    Southern Song dynasty: 1127-1279

    • 1161: Explosives were used to defeat the Chin at Ts'ai-shih
    • 1276: Canton is captured by the Mongols



    Primary Sources

    Kublai Khan

    Secondary Sources

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