- ca. 4,000 BC: Earliest evidence of Neolithic culture in Russia
- ca. 1000 to 700 BC: Cimmerians in Thrace
- ca. 700 BC: Scythians invade Thrace, conquering the Cimmerians
- ca. 200 BC: Sarmatians conquer the Scythians.
- ca. 700 BC-AD 200: Greco-Iranian culture develops around the Black Sea
- ca. AD 200-370: Invasions by the Goths
- 370: The Huns invade.
- 558: The invasion of the Avars.
- 7th century: Formation of the Khazar State.
- 681: The First Bulgarian Empire is formed.
- ca. 830: Beginnings of Magyar migration westward.