- 751: Battle of Talas: Arabs learn papermaking from Chinese prisoners of warTang Dynasty Chronology
- 765: A school of medicine is established in Baghdad.
- 750-850: The Four orthodox schools of law are established.
- 767: Death of Abu Hanifa who founded the Hanafite School of Law.
- 795: Death of Anas ibn Malik who founded the Malikite School of Law.
- 820: Death of Shafi'i who founded the Shafi'ite School of Law.
- 855: Death of Ahmad ibn Hanbal who founded the Hanbalite School of Law.
- 850-875: The Tradition is formalized.
- 870: Death of Bukhari who edited one of the important compendia of Tradition.
- 875: Death of Muslim who edited one of the important compendia of Tradition.
- 1010: Firdawsi completes his Epic of Kings, the great epic poem of Persia.
- 1055-1250: Expansion of Islam under the Seljuks and Christian responses.
- 1055: Seljuk Turks establish a protectorate in Baghdad.
- 1071: Battle of Manzikert. Seljuks defeat the Byzantines and establish control over Asia Minor.
- 1096-1099: First CrusadeThe Crusading Era Chronology
- 1099: Crusaders take Jerusalem.
- 1147-1149: Second Crusade
- 1187: Saladin captures Jerusalem from the Crusaders.
- 1189-1192: Third Crusade
- 1258: Mongols sack Baghdad. Abbasid Caliphate ends.