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Rise and Fall of Empires




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Mediterranean Chronology

Peloponnesian War

431-404 BC

The Peloponnesian War was the major contest in the struggle for hegemony in Greece.  While there have been many larger and more decisive wars in history, this war continues to fascinate because of the striking contrasts between the two major participants, Athens and Sparta, and because Thucydides made this war the subject of one of the first great pieces of historical writing.


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