timeline of world history

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Rise and Fall of Empires




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Mediterranean Chronology

The Era of the Smaller Civilizations

1400-600 BC

Beginning ca. 1400: The Large Empires of the Ancient Near East are weakened.

  • 1400: Minoan culture is destroyed. Mycenean Greeks dominate the Eastern Mediterranean.
  • 1375-1350: Ikhnaton's reforms in Egypt. Egypt crippled by internal disruptions.
  • 1250: Israelites begin conquest of Canaan.
  • 1230: Egypt is invaded by the "Sea People."
  • 1230: Myceneans conquer Troy

Beginning ca. 1200: The Era of the Smaller Civilizations.

  • 1190: Philistines settle along the Eastern Mediterranean coast..
  • 1100: Dorian invasion of Greece.Ancient Greece Chronology
  • 1100: Arameans invade Mesopotamia.
  • 1075: Assyrian Empire collapses.
  • 1020-586: The Kingdom of Israel.Ancient Israel Chronology



Primary Sources


Secondary Sources

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