World History Chronology

Foraging Peoples

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization

Early Mesopotamian Civilizations

Expansion and Contraction of Mesopotamian Empires

Cosmopolitan Empires

Islamic Empires

Modern Era

 

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Foraging Peoples

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization: From 6000 BC

  • 6000 BC: Jericho
  • 3500 BC: Sumerians settle in Mesopotamia

Mesopotamian Civilizations: 3500-1400 BC.

  • 3500-2340 BC: Sumerian Civilization
  • 2340-1900 BC: Akkadian Empire
  • 1900-1100 BC: Babylonian Empire
  • 1100-1200 BC: Assyrian Empire (First Period of Ascendancy)

Expansion and Contraction of Mesopotamian Empires: 1400-550 BC

  • ca. 1400 BC: The Large Empires of the Ancient Near East are weakened
  • ca. 1200 BC: The Era of the Smaller Civilizations.
  • ca. 750 BC: Revival of the Mesopotamian Empires.
    • 745-612 BC: Period of Assyrian dominance
    • 625-585 BC: Period of Neo-Babylonian (Chaldean) dominance

Cosmopolitan Empires: 550 BC - AD 642

  • 550-323 BC: Persian Empire.
  • 323-146 BC: Hellenistic Kingdoms
  • c. 250 BC to AD 225: Parthian Empire.
  • 146 BC to AD 1453: Rome and Byzantium
  • 226-642: Sassanid Persia.

Islamic Empires: 600-1900

  • 661-750: Ommayad Caliphate.
  • 750-1258: Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 1350-1918: Ottoman Empire
  • 1501-1723: Safavid Empire

The Modern Era: From 1900

  • 1917: Balfour Declaration on Palestine
  • 1923: Republic of Turkey is established
  • 1925: Pahlavi dynasty in Iran
  • 1932: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is established
  • 1956: Nassar Nationalizes the Suez Canal.
  • 1973: The Yom Kippur War

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