World History Chronology

Foraging Peoples

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization

Early Mesopotamian Civilizations

Expansion and Contraction of Mesopotamian Empires

Cosmopolitan Empires

Islamic Empires

Modern Era

 

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The Sassanid Empire

226-642

226-240: Reign of Ardashir I
    • 226-227: Revolts against the Parthian Empire Parthian Empire Chronology
    • 229-232: War with Rome
    • --Zoroastrianism is revived as official religion.
    • --The collection of texts known as the Zend Avesta is assembled.
  • 241-271: Reign of Shapur I
    • 241-244: First War with Rome.
    • 258-260: Second War with Rome.
    • 215-271: Mani, founder of Manicheanism.
  • 271-301: A period of dynastic struggles
  • 309-379: Reign of Shapur II
  • 399-420: Reign of Yezdigird the Wicked
    • 409: Christian are permitted to publicly worship and to build churches.
    • 416-420: Persecution of the Sassanid Christians as Yezdigird revokes his earlier order.
  • 420-440: Reign of Varahran V.
    • 420-422: War with Rome.
    • 424: Council of Dad-Ishu declares the Eastern Church independent of Constantinople.
  • 483: Edict of Toleration granted to Christians
  • 491: Armenian Church repudiates the Council of Chalcedon
  • 531-579: Reign of Anshurwan the Just
    • 533: Treaty of Endless Peace with Rome.
    • 540-562: War with Rome.
  • 589-628: Reign of Khusru Parviz
    • 603-610: War with Rome
    • 610: Arabs defeat a Sassanid army at Dhu-Qar.
    • 610-620: War with Rome continued.
    • 626: Siege of Constantinople.
    • 627: Roman Emperor Heraclius invades Assyria and Mesopotamia.
  • 634-642: Reign of Yezdigird III
    • 633: Muslims invade Iraq.
    • 642: Persian army destroyed at Nehawand.

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