- Abraham Lincoln is elected; South Carolina secedes
- Confederate Congress passes Conscription Act.
- Battle of Shiloh
- Robert E. Lee named commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.
- Second Battle of Bull Run.
- Battle of Antietam; McClellan is relieved of his command.
- Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
- Homestead Act passed.
- Battle of Fredericksburg.
- Congress passes the Conscription Act.
- Congress passes the National Banking Act.
- Draft Riots in New York City.
- The Emancipation Proclamation.
- Battle of Chancellorsville.
- Battle of Gettysburg.
- Siege of Vicksburg.
- Capture of Columbia.
- Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
- Thirteenth Amendment is ratified.
Causes of the War