timeline of world history

Then Again

The Ancient Period The Peripheral Period

The Center Period

The Global Period

  • Age of World Wars
  • After the Cold War

 

© David Koeller.  All rights reserved.

Rise of Socialism

1848-1917

1789-1848: Early Socialism

  • 1796: Gracchus Babeuf leads the "Conspiracy of Equals."
  • 1760-1825: Count Henri de Saint-Simon
  • 1772-1837: Charles Fourier
  • 1771-1858: Robert Owen
  • 1840: Proudhon publishes What is Property?
  • 1844: Marx and Engels form the Communist League

1848-1917: Labor Socialism and Anarchism

  • 1848: Marx and Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
  • 1848: Workers revolt in Paris.
  • 1814-1876: Mikhail Bakunin.
  • 1864: The First International is founded in London.
  • 1869: The Social Democratic Labor Party is founded in Prussia.
  • 1875: The German Labor Party adopts the Gotha Program.
  • 1878: Bismarck's Anti-Socialist legislation.
  • 1889: The Second International is founded in Paris.
  • 1895: The Confederation General du Travail is founded in France.
  • 1899: Eduard Bernstein publishes his Evolutionary Socialism.
  • 1908: Georges Sorel publishes Reflections on Violence.

1917-1992: Marxist Socialism

  • 1917: Bolshevik coup is Russia.
  • 1921: Lenin introduces New Economic Policy
  • 1928-1932: First Five Year Plan.
  • 1929: Leon Trotsky is exiled.
  • 1936-1938: The Great Purges.
  • 1948: Communist Party coup is Czechoslovakia.
  • 1953: Nikita Khrushchev becomes Communist Party secretary in the Soviet Union.
  • 1955: The Warsaw pact is formed.
  • 1968: The "Prague Spring."
  • 1985: Mikhail Gorbachev becomes general secretary of the Communist Party.

1900-2000: Western Marxism

  • 1929-1931: First Labour government in Great Britain.

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