While the peoples of the Mediterranean Basin developed sophisticated urban societies, the peoples of Western Europe were agriculturalists throughout the Ancient Period. However, warfare, trade and migration brought Western Europe and the Mediterranean Basin together. The Romans incorporated much of Western Europe into its empire and from this a new society developed that included elements of Greco-Roman, Christian and Germanic culture.
Europeans as Foraging Peoples: 1,000,000 - 5,000 BC
- 50,000-60,000 BC: Europe is inhabited by Neanderthals
- 35,000-10,000 BC: Paleolithic Art
Europeans as Agricultural Peoples: 5,000 - 2,000 BC
- 4,500 BC: Neolithic Revolution in Western and Central Europe
- 3,500 BC: Indo-European Migration
- 1850 BC: Celto-Ligurian culture
- 390 BC: Celts sack Rome and enter history as "Gauls."
- 378: Battle of Adrianople
- 410: Rome is sacked by the Visigoths
- 476: Romulus Augustulus, the last Roman emperor in the West is deposed.
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