The Roman Empire was the western end of a trade network that extended across Eurasia. With the withdrawal of Roman government, Western Europe no longer participated in this continental trade. For more than a thousand years, Western Europe was on the periphery of world society. During this period, this people of Western Europe developed a culture based on a mixture of Greco-Roman, Christian and Germanic elements.
- 481-511: Clovis, King of the Franks.
- 597: Saint Augustine begins his missionary work in England.
- 711-715: Moslem conquest of Spain.
- 768-814: Reign of Charlemagne
- 871-899: Alfred the Great of England
- 936-973: Otto I (the Great)
- 1066: The Battle of Hastings
- 1075-1122: The Investiture Controversy
- 1095-1291: The Crusading Era
- 1222-1242: The Mongol Invasion of Europe
- 1225-1274: St. Thomas Aquinas
- 1305-1377: Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy
- 1337-1453: Hundred Years War
- 1347-1351: The Black Death
- 1378-1415: The Great Schism
- 1453: Fall of Constantinople
- 1517: Luther's 95 Theses
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