timeline of world history

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The Ancient Period The Peripheral Period

The Center Period

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  • Age of World Wars
  • After the Cold War


© David Koeller.  All rights reserved.


Europe at the Periphery

of World Society

AD 500-1600

The Roman Empire was the western end of a trade network that extended across Eurasia.  With the withdrawal of Roman government, Western Europe no longer participated in this continental trade.  For more than a thousand years, Western Europe was on the periphery of world society.  During this period, this people of Western Europe developed a culture based on a mixture of Greco-Roman, Christian and Germanic elements.  

500-1000: Beginnings of Germanic Christianity

  • 481-511: Clovis, King of the Franks.
  • 597: Saint Augustine begins his missionary work in England.
  • 711-715: Moslem conquest of Spain.
  • 768-814: Reign of Charlemagne
  • 871-899: Alfred the Great of England
  • 936-973: Otto I (the Great)

1000-1350: Attempts at Christian Civilization

  • 1066: The Battle of Hastings
  • 1075-1122: The Investiture Controversy
  • 1095-1291: The Crusading Era
  • 1222-1242: The Mongol Invasion of Europe
  • 1225-1274: St. Thomas Aquinas

1300-1600: Age of Reform

  • 1305-1377: Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy
  • 1337-1453: Hundred Years War
  • 1347-1351: The Black Death
  • 1378-1415: The Great Schism
  • 1453: Fall of Constantinople
  • 1517: Luther's 95 Theses


Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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