Portuguese explorers seek a route to India and China: 1415-1510
- 1415: The Portuguese capture Ceuta.
- 1433: Cape Bojador is rounded by Gil Eannes.
- 1482: Elmina Castle is built.
- 1484: Diogo Cao discovers the Congo estuary.
- 1488: Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
- 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas.
- 1497-1498: Vasco da Gama sails to India.
- 1500: Pedro Cabral discovers Brazil.
- 1510: The Portuguese capture Goa.
The Spanish colonization of Central and South America: 1492-1540
British and French colonization of North America: 1497-1600
- 1497: John Cabot makes his voyage to North America.
- 1534-1535: Jacques Cartier explores the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
- 1585: The First English colony in North America is established on Roanoke Island.
- 1600: The English East India Company is founded.
Global Exploration: 1500-1650