World History Chronology

Evolution of Hominids

Foraging Societies

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization

Classical Empires

Unification of Eurasia

Unification of the Hemispheres

Formation of World Culture

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Unification and Interaction in the Eurasian Ecumene

130 BC to AD 170

Formation of the Eurasian Ecumene: 130 BC to AD 200

  • c. 130 BC: Expansion of Han China to the Parthian Empire
  • c. 130 BC: Rome establishes its dominance in the Mediterranean
  • 140-87 BC: Han China at its largest territorial extent under the Emperor Wu Ti.
  • 98-117: Roman Empire at its largest territorial extent under the Emperor Trajan.
  • 180-284: Crisis of Third Century Rome
  • 220: End of the Han Dynasty

Barbarian Invasions and Internal Turmoil: 200-630

  • 220-265: Three Kingdoms Period in China
  • ca. AD 200-370: Roman Empire invaded by the Goths
  • 370: The Huns invade Eastern Europe.
  • 558: Avars invade the Byzantine Empire.
  • c. 450: Anglo-Saxons invade England.

The Age of Islamic Expansion: 630 to 1250

  • 630-640: Muslim Conquest of the Near East and Egypt
  • 690-710: Muslim Conquest of North Africa and Spain
  • 717-718: Attempt to conquer Constantinople.
  • 751: Battle of Talas River
  • 768-814: Reign of Charlemagne
  • 800-900: Viking raids against European mainland
  • 907-960: Collapse of Central Government in China
  • 1055-1250: Expansion of Islam under the Seljuks
    • The Crusading Era
  • 1258: Mongols sack Baghdad. Abbasid Caliphate ends.

The Age of Mongol Dominance: 1200 to 1350

  • 1206: Temujin is proclaimed "Jenghiz Khan"
  • 1258: Baghdad is sacked
  • 1260-1368: Yuan Dynasty governs China
  • 1275-1292: Marco Polo travels in China

The Second Age of Islamic Expansion: 1350 to 1700

  • 1350: Rise of Ottoman Turks
  • 1352: ibn Battuta travels in Africa
  • 1453: Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople.
  • 1492: End of the Reconquista in Spain.
  • 1526: Battle of Mohacs
  • 1529: First Siege of Vienna
  • 1571: Battle of Lepanto
  • 1683: Final Siege of Vienna
Resources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources


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