World History Chronology

Evolution of Hominids

Foraging Societies

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization

Classical Empires

Unification of Eurasia

Unification of the Hemispheres

Formation of World Culture

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Prehistory

to 3200 BC

Evolution of the Hominids: 5,000,000 to 25,000 BC:

  • 5,000,000 -1,000,000 BC: Australopithecus
  • 2,200,000 - 1,600,000 BC: Homo habilis
  • 1,600,000 - 500,000 BC: Homo erectus
    • Stone artifacts and weapons
  • 500,000 - 80,000 BC: Homo sapiens
  • 100,000 - 33,000 BC: Homo neanderthalensis
    • Ice Ages
    • Stone tools
  • 125,000: Homo sapiens sapiens

The Paleolithic Period:
Beginnings of Human culture: 30,000 - 10,000 BC

  • c. 30,000 to 25,000 BC: Woman of Willendorf
  • c. 27,000 to 23,000 BC: Dolni Vestonice
  • 25,000 - 12,000 BC: Venus Figures
  • 18,000 BC: Chauvet cave, France
  • 15,000 BC: Lascaux cave paintings
  • c. 14,000 to 10,000 BC: Altamira Cave Paintings

The Neolithic Period:
The Agricultural Revolution and the Beginnings of Settled Existence: 10,000 BC - 5,500 BC

  • 10,000 BC: First agricultural villages
  • 10,000 BC: Invention of the bow and arrow
  • 10,000 BC: Dogs and reindeer are domesticated
  • 10,000 BC: Beginnings of settled agriculture
  • 10,000 BC: Earliest pottery (Japan)
  • 8,000 BC: Sheep and goats are domesticated
  • 8,000 BC: Beginnings of rice cultivation in East Asia
  • 8, 500 BC: Jericho is founded
  • 6, 000 BC: Village of Ban Po in China
  • 5,500 BC: Catal Huyuk
  • 500 BC to AD 400: Adena and Hopewell Cultures
  • ca. 4000 BC: The Culture of Vra
  • ca. 2000 BC: Stonehenge
  • AD 700 to 1731: Mississippian Culture

Primary Urbanization:
The First Cities: 3,300 BC- AD 400

  • 3,300 BC: First Sumerian cities
  • 3100 BC: Beginnings of Egyptian civilization
  • 2500 BC: Harappan Civilization
  • 1800 BC: Shang dynasty in China
  • 1200 BC: Olmec culture in Mesoamerica
  • AD 400: Jenne-Jeno in Nigeria

Resources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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