The Apostolic Era

The Early Church

Beyond the Roman Empire

World Christianity

 

© 2003 David Koeller.  All rights reserved.

 

 

I. The Apostolic Era: 6 BC- AD 100

  • c. 6-4 BC: Birth of Jesus
  • c. 48: Paul's Conversion
  • 29-69: Christianity spreads to Syria, Asia Minor, and Italy.
  • c. 65-95: The Gospels are written.

II. The Early Church: 100-400

  • c.100-200: Administrative structure of the Church develops.
  • c. 150-c. 230: Clement of Alexandria
  • 303: Emperor Diocletian issues his edicts against Christianity
  • 312: Emperor Constantine converts to Christianity
  • 325: Council of Nicea
  • 340-430: Period of the Church Fathers: St. Ambrose, 340-397; St. Jerome, 340-420; St. Augustine, 354-430.
  • 394: Emperor Theodosius declares Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.

III. Beyond the Roman Empire: 400-1500

    400-2000: The Church in Germanic Europe

    • 400-1000: Missions to the Germanic Peoples
    • 1000-1400: Forming a Christian Society
    • 1400-1650: Reforming the Church
    • 1600-2000: The Secularization of Society
  • 400-2000: The Church in Eastern Europe

    • 400-1400: The Church in the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium)
      • 1054: Great Schism between Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches
      • 1204: Constantinople captured in Fourth Crusade.
      • 1240: Kiev is destroyed by the Mongols.
      • 1453: Constantinople is captured by the Ottoman Turks; Byzantine Empire Ends
    • 800-1000: Missions to the Slavic Peoples
      • 858-867:  The Missionary Journeys of Sts. Cyril and Methodius
      • 966: Mieszko I of Poland converts to Christianity
      • 988: Kievan Russia converts to Orthodox Christianity.
    • 1450-1900: The Church in the Russian Empire
    • 1900-2000: The Church Under Communism
  • 400-1800: The Church Outside Europe

    • c. 400: The Kingdom of Axum converts to Christianity. 
    • Nestorian Christianity becomes dominant Christian sect in Sassinid Empire.
      • 483: Edict of Toleration granted to Christians in the Sassanid Empire
      • 491: Armenian Church repudiates the Council of Chalcedon.

IV. World Christianity: 1500-2000

  • 1637-1638: Shimbara rebellion in Japan.  Christian peasants protest repression.
  • 1658: Société des missions ètrangéres ("Foreign Mission Society") founded in Paris.
  • 1716: Christian teaching prohibited in China.
  • 1948: World Council of Churches founded.

Text copyright 2003 by David W. Koeller.  All rights reserved.