World History Chronology

Then Again

Prehistory

Ancient Egypt

Primary Urbanization

Kingdoms and Empires

European Colonization

Decolonization and Independence

 

© 2003 David Koeller.  All rights reserved.

Africa Chronology

    3200-30 BC: Ancient Egypt

    • 3100-2686 BC: The Early Dynastic Period
    • 2686-2181 BC: The Old Kingdom
    • 2181-2040 BC: The First Intermediate Period
    • 2133-1786 BC: The Middle Kingdom
    • 1786-1567 BC: The Second Intermediate Period
    • 1567-1085 BC: The New Kingdom
    • 1085-341 BC: The Late Dynastic Period
    • 332-30 BC: The Ptolemaic Period

    200 BC- AD 400: Urbanization South of the Sahara

    • 200 BC: The height of Nok culture
    • c. 100 BC: Bantu people introduce iron working into the area south of the Sudan.
    • AD 1: Beginnings of the East African city-states.
    • 100: Beginnings of Bantu migration.
    • AD 400: Jenne-Jeno in Nigeria

    400-1500: Kingdoms and Empires

    • 300-700: The Kingdom of Axum
    • c. 900: Beginnings of the Sudanese kingdoms.
    • c.900-1100: The Kingdom of Ghana
    • c. 1200: Beginning of the Hausa city-states.
    • c. 1200-1450: The Kingdom of Mali.
    • 900s-1400s: Great Zimbabwe
    • c. 1450: Oyo Empire is founded.
    • 1460-1591: Songhai Empire

    1500-1950: European Colonization

    • 1479: Portuguese build Elmina Castle on West African Coast.
    • 1497: Vasco da Gama [Portuguese] sails to East Africa.
    • 1652: Dutch settle at the Cape of Good Hope.
    • 1780: First "Kaffir War" between the Bantus and the Boers in South Africa.
    • 1785-1828: Shaka Zulu
    • 1808: The British and the United States abolish the slave trade.
    • 1821: Liberia is formed by returning ex-slaves.
    • 1885: Congress of Berlin partitions Africa among the European powers

    1950-present: Decolonization and Independence

    • 1948: First apartheid legislation in South Africa
    • 1957: Ghana is first independent African nation
    • 1960: Congo is granted independence from Belgium
    • 1962: Algeria gains independence from France
    • 1963: Organization for African Unity is formed

Text copyright 1996-2003 by David W. Koeller.  All rights reserved.